How to Install Python 3 on Ubuntu Server?


How to Install Python 3 on Ubuntu Server?

How to Install Python 3 on Ubuntu Server 


Installing Python 3 on an Ubuntu VPS server is an essential step for developers who want to leverage the power of Python for web development, automation, and various other applications. Python 3 offers numerous improvements over its predecessor, making it the preferred choice for new projects. This guide will walk you through the steps to install Python 3 on your Ubuntu server, ensuring you have a solid foundation for your development needs. 


Before we get started, make sure you have the following: 

  • A VPS server running Ubuntu 
  • Basic knowledge of terminal commands 
  • Administrative (sudo) access to the server 

Step 1: Update Your Package List 

First, it’s essential to ensure your package list is up-to-date. This ensures you’re getting the latest version of Python 3 available in the Ubuntu repositories. 

Open your terminal and run the following command: 

apt update

Install Python 3 on Ubuntu Server step 1
This command updates the list of available packages and their versions, but it doesn’t install or upgrade any of them. Keeping your package list updated is crucial for maintaining a secure and efficient VPS server environment.

Step 2: Install Python 3 

Once your package list is updated, you can proceed with the installation of Python 3. To do this, For this, enter the following command: 

apt install python3 

Install Python 3 
This command tells APT to install Python 3. If Python 3 is already installed, this command will ensure it is the latest version available in your configured repositories. Installing Python 3 on your VPS server is straightforward, but always ensure you are installing the version you need for your specific use case.


Step 3: Verify the Installation 

After the installation completes, it’s a good idea to verify that Python 3 is installed correctly and to check the installed version. You can do this by running: 

python3 –version

Verify Python 3 Installation 
This command will output the version of Python 3 that is currently installed on your system. For example, you might see something like Python 3.8.10, indicating that version 3.8.10 of Python is installed. Verifying the installation helps you ensure that your VPS server is ready for Python development.

Step 4: Install Pip (Optional) 

While Python comes with many useful libraries, you’ll often need additional packages. pip is the package installer for Python and can be installed with the following command: 

apt install python3-pip

install python3-pip

To confirm pip is installed, check its version: 

pip3 –version 

pip3 –version 

Pip is essential for managing Python packages on your VPS server. It simplifies the process of installing, upgrading, and removing packages, making your development workflow more efficient. 

Common Issues and Fixes 

You may run into some typical issues during the installation process. 

 Here are a few troubleshooting tips: 

  • If you get a permission denied error, ensure you are using sudo. 
  • If the package list update fails, check your network connection. 
  • If the Python version check shows an older version, try running the update and install commands again. 

Advanced Python Configuration 

Once Python is installed, you might want to configure it further. Setting up virtual environments is a great way to manage dependencies for different projects. You can create a virtual environment using the following commands: 



apt install python3-venv
python3 -m venv myenv

Activate the virtual environment with: 


source myenv/bin/activate 

Managing Python Packages with Pip 

Pip is a powerful tool for managing Python packages. Here are some basic commands: 

  • To install a package: pip3 install package-name 
  • To upgrade a package: pip3 install –upgrade package-name 
  • To remove a package: pip3 uninstall package-name 

Using pip effectively can streamline your development process on your VPS server. 

Security Considerations 

Keeping your Python installation secure is vital. Regularly update your packages and Python itself to ensure you have the latest security patches. Here are some best practices: 

  • Use apt update and apt upgrade regularly. 
  • Avoid running scripts from untrusted sources. 
  • Consider using a firewall to protect your VPS server. 

Integrating Python with Web Applications 

Python is widely used for web development due to its simplicity and the powerful frameworks available. Django and Flask are two popular frameworks that you can use to build web applications. For example, to install Flask, use: 

pip3 install flask 

You can then create a simple web application by following the Flask documentation. 

Automating Server Tasks with Python 

Python scripts can automate various tasks on your VPS server, from backups to monitoring. Here’s an example script to clean up old log files: 



import os
import time

log_dir = “/var/log”
now = time.time()

for filename in os.listdir(log_dir):
filepath = os.path.join(log_dir, filename)
if os.stat(filepath).st_mtime < now – 7 * 86400:
if os.path.isfile(filepath):

Monitoring Python Applications 

Keeping an eye on your applications is essential for ensuring they stay healthy. Tools like Prometheus and Grafana can help you track the performance of your Python applications. Set up alerts to notify you of any issues, and regularly review performance metrics to optimize your applications. 


Installing Python 3 on your Ubuntu VPS server is a straightforward process that opens up a world of possibilities for development and automation. By following the steps outlined in this guide, you can ensure a smooth installation and start leveraging Python for your projects. Whether you’re developing web applications, automating server tasks, or exploring new libraries, having Python 3 installed on your VPS server is a valuable asset. 


What is the difference between Python 2 and Python 3?

Python 3 introduced several improvements over Python 2, including better syntax, improved libraries, and enhanced performance. Python 2 is no longer supported, so it’s recommended to use Python 3. 

Can I have multiple Python versions installed on my server?

Yes, you can have multiple Python versions installed. Tools like pyenv can help manage different versions and switch between them as needed. 

How do I uninstall Python 3?

To uninstall Python 3, you can use the command apt remove python3. Make sure to also remove any associated packages if they are no longer needed. 

Is it necessary to install pip?

While not strictly necessary, pip is highly recommended as it simplifies the process of installing and managing Python packages. 

How do I update Python to the latest version?

To update Python, first update your package list with apt update, then upgrade Python with apt upgrade python3. You can also use tools like pyenv for more granular control over Python versions. 



1 Comment

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